Ministry of Health




A doctor using the username @umutla_sevgiyle on twitter-X requested a letter of Good Standing from the Ministry of Health. The ministry informed the doctor, who requested the certificate, that the letter couldn’t be issued on the ground that she had been dismissed by KHK decree-law.


According to article 122[1] of Turkish Penal Code, anyone who prevents a person from benefiting from a certain service provided to the public due to hatred arising from differences in language, race, nationality, color, gender, disability, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion or sect shall be sentenced to imprisonment from one year to three years.

In the case, the request of letter of Good Standing of @umutla_sevgiyle who was dismissed by OHAL-KHK was refused. The mentioned request was refused on the ground that she had been dismissed by KHK. The motif beyond the cancellation is the applicant’s political ideology. As a matter of fact, @umutla_sevgiyle was dismissed by KHK which had been adopted to discharge the members of Gulen movement or allegedly members of movement from public service.

In conclusion, in the case, there is a hate and discrimination crime committed by public authority officials.


According to the Office for Human Rights and Democratic Institutions (ODIHR)[2] of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), a hate crime is a criminal act motivated by bias against a group. Hate crimes comprise two elements: a criminal offence and a bias motivation.

In the case, the mentioned request was refused on the ground that she had been dismissed by state of emergency decree. According to the definition of hate crime by ODIHR, there is a crime of discrimination motivated by hatred of victim’s affiliation with the Gülen movement.


What is a Decree Law (KHK)?

On July 20, 2016, a State of Emergency (OHAL) was declared across Turkey. Under the State of Emergency, the government was authorized to issue emergency decrees.

The Justice and Development Party (AKP), led by President Erdoğan, accused the Gülen movement of instigating the alleged failed coup on July 15, 2016, and all these ordinary and extraordinary decrees were part of a broader hate campaign against the Gülen movement.

After July 2016, the government fired more than a hundred thousand people associated with the Gülen movement. Thousands of educational institutions were closed, more than a hundred media outlets were shut down and journalists arrested. More than a hundred people have died under torture. Dozens of people were kidnapped at home and abroad.

What is the Letter of Good Standing

A kind of clean paper given to individuals go abroad with the aim of studying or working. This paper includes the diploma registration information and whether disciplinary action has been taken during his/her employment in Türkiye. The applicant obtains a study or work permit by submitting this document to the relevant country authorities.

[1] ARTICLE 122-(1) Any person who makes discrimination between individuals because of their racial, lingual,

religious, sexual, political, philosophical belief or opinion, or for being supporters of different sects and therefore;

a) Prevents sale, transfer of movable or immovable property, or performance of a service, or benefiting from a

service, or bounds employment or unemployment of a person to above listed reasons,

b) Refuses to deliver nutriments or to render a public service,

c) Prevents a person to perform an ordinary economical activity,

is sentenced to imprisonment from six months to one year or imposed punitive fine.